Every proton and neutron in our galaxy is joined to every other. This is probably the case for the entirety of the visible universe. But its definitely the case galaxy-wide. In one sense there is no such thing as a “particle”. Not leastways a particle, that is subject to gravity. Since all such particles are connected, making one big whole. Its like when you are used to thinking of Europe, Asia, and Africa as three continents, then realising they are pretty much one land mass.
Not only is every proton and neutron in the galaxy joined to every other, this can be readily proved to any objective, rational person, in the space of a single short thread. If you can look at the problem with fresh eyes, I ought to be able to convince you.
A FEW EASY STEPS.
1. The first step is to realise that gravity is, for practical purposes, an instantaneous force. There is no traveling time for the force of gravity, as opposed to the phenomenon of light. Light takes about six minutes to travel from the sun to the planet Venus. About eight minutes from the sun to Earth. About four hours from the sun the Neptune. Being instantaneous would imply that gravity, were it the result of “gravitrons” or moving particles ….. this would imply that these moving particles moved far faster then the speed of light. With an instantaneous effect, we see that, for practical purposes gravity’s speed would be infinite.
In the six minutes that it takes for light to make it from the sun to Venus ….. Venus moves about 12, 600 hundred kilometres around its orbit. In the eight minutes that it takes for light to travel between the sun and the earth, the earth will have moved on about 5,400 kilometres. In the four hours that it takes for light to go from the Sun to Neptune …… Neptune will have moved on about 80 000 kilometres around its orbit. But the angle of the force that the sun exerts on Venus, Earth and Neptune is not dependent on where the sun WAS ….. Where the sun WAS (in relation to each) six minutes ago, eight minutes ago and four hours ago respectively …… rather that force depends on where the sun is now. That is to say that the angle of the force of gravity depends objectively on where the objects are RIGHT NOW, and it is not related to the sorts of propagation speeds required by light.
Under the assumption that we are talking about separate particles a calculation was made at how fast gravity would have to propagate. It turned out that gravity, given the (wrong) idea that the universe is made up of unattached particles, moves at no less then 20 billion times the speed of light. I’m not sure what the precise assumptions are for this calculation. Whether it takes into account all the galaxies in the known universe or whether it was made on the basis of our galaxy alone, or the largest of galaxies. But even on the basis of working matters out from a single galaxy perspective, we can be very sure that gravity would have to move a lot faster than the speed of light. Why would gravitrons move with that sort of speed? What would compel these particles to move in this way?
If the angle of the force of gravity was on the basis, not of where the two objects are, but on the basis of where they appear to be, the orbits of all the stars around the galaxy and all the planets around the stars, would quickly unravel. Venus would increase its orbit each year until it lost its orbit entirely. There would be choas as all orbits lengthened and then were lost.
2. The Second step consists of noting the idiotic notion of photons. To point out clearly to the person you are educating, just how very strange and implausible, is the notion that these photons themselves move at the speed of light.
Now photons don’t exist. Like so much about modern physics, they are a fairy story, and merely the dogmatic postulate of a religion. Rather then any sort of real thing. Note the strangeness of the photon story. And when explaining that strangeness, do so using personification. Explain the (non-existent) photon particle in terms of Forrest Gump.
Consider the oddness and manifest impossibility of the photon story. A photon, and we shall call him “Forrest” is create ex-nihilo but it doesn’t matter where he is. He wants to accelerate to light speed immediately and “beat it” from wherever he is now. He doesn’t like where he is RIGHT NOW. If he started off OVER THERE, he would not be happy either. Doesn’t matter where he starts, he doesn’t like it where he is. Something wrong with this photon, this photon is never satisfied with his whereabouts.
What could impel any particle, to be created like this, out of nothing, and then to bugger off at the speed of light? The story is ridiculous and contradicted outright by the fact that light is wave motion.
(((((((Incidentally this fantasy is currently being abused by the global warming fraud but thats another matter.))))))
Hence the idea of all these particles of light, moving at the same speed, for extended distances, and this motion leading to light in total TRAVELLING IN WAVES, is a contradiction of the nature of a wave, AS A WAVE. It doesn’t happen that way. The photon story is a lie. But the key point in explaining matters is to get people to look with fresh eyes on the impossibility of the light particle, just running off at the speed of light, for no reason at all. “Where are you going Forrest? Forrest? Why are you running so fast? Don’t you like us?”
3. From showing that the story of the photons instantaneous acceleration to light speed for no reason at all the next step is to point out …….. “If its ridiculous for photons to just bugger off at the speed of light for no reason, think of how much more implausible it is for these notional gravity particles to high-tail it at twenty billion times the speed of light minimum? It doesn’t happen that way. Simple as that.
4. So if the instantaneous speed of gravity and the speed of light cannot be explained by fully independent particles, then what is the explanation for light and gravity? In fact we aren’t awash with explanations. We have no third choice even. We know for a fact that any particles that experience the force of gravity must be attached to all other particles that experience this force. There is quite literally no other explanation. Neither proposed or possible.
So as a result of the above there are one or two things about gravity and light that now are no mystery at all.
Spooky action at a distance is impossible and doesn’t happen. Space doesn’t bend warp or stretch. That idea is pure idiocy. Rather all protons and neutrons in the known universe, are tethered to every other.
((((((Tightly connected but clearly with some potential for linear elasticity. Not a great deal of room for torsional elasticity though. This is an important point. These are orthogonal ropes with a lot of give longways, and almost no elasticity in their rotation. So that a rotational impulse anywhere, will be felt quickly a long way away. Hence the very fast transmission of that which we call “light.”)))))
It simply cannot be any other way and no-one has ever provided a serious alternative. The Gaede solution is the only rational solution that we have. Now we know what gravity is. Gravity is caused by the fact that all protons and neutrons are connected together by something we are entitled to call “ropes” for want of a better word. This is known. This is what we know for sure. Now its also follows pretty closely, that light ought to be impulses moving along these ropes. Since the speed of the torsion impulse is determined by the nature of the rope itself, we then have an explanation for why this light has no acceleration time and moves at the speed that it does. And we can start finding out a lot more about the nature of the orthogonal ropes.